THE IMPLICATION FORMATIVE POTENTIAL RECEPTIVE AND SEMANTIC POTENTIAL OF SILENCE IN MODERN LITERARY AND MEDICAL DISCOURSE
Ключові слова:silence, receptive resource, narrator, literary-medical discourse, US prose
The article aims to analyse the receptive and semantic potential of silence based on the novel “Critical Condition” (2002) by the contemporary Canadian-American physician, writer Peter Clement. The research methodology is based on the application of modern literary studies in the fields of narratology, receptive aesthetics and literary hermeneutics. The theoretical significance of the research consists in the disclosure of the narrative category of silence in the modern American literary and medical discourse. The results of the study will improve the content of training courses in the world literature and form a methodological basis for the development of special courses, theme-based seminars and academic syllabi. In the course of the study, it was found that silence within the analysed literary work symbolizes the epistemological and communicative crisis of language. The author’s intentions and receptive resource of silence in the text have been analysed. The leading role of facial expressions as a means of exteriorizing the silence effect in the “doctor — patient” communicative situation has been observed. The patient’s silence in the novel is associated with the author’s rethinking of the phenomena of illness and disability, thus stimulating the reader to embrace the active position of co-creation and receptive cooperation by filling-in the narrative “gaps” of the text. Further research is needed to study the role of the reader’s reception in constructing the silence in the “doctor — patient”communicative situation, as exemplified by the literary and medical discourse of the US prose.